What is Anxiety Disorder? Symptoms, Causes, Treatment 

Anxiety is our natural human body response and reaction toward something important sweaty palms or trembling hands. Your body calms down after things got underway. Today, we’ll discuss what is anxiety disorder; its symptoms, causes, and treatment.

What is Anxiety Disorder? 

Occasional anxiety becomes an anxiety disorder when a group of mental issues causes overwhelming fear and stress constantly. A high level of anxiety would make you avoid social events, family get-togethers, school, work, and any type of situation that would trigger the event. People can manage their feelings and anxiety with proper treatment.

Some people experience stress and anxiety attacks without any apparent solid reason. If it becomes difficult to manage your stress and worries due to the constant effect of the anxiety attack, and it is disturbing your routine activities, then it is an anxiety disorder.

Symptoms of Anxiety Disorder 

Anxiety disorders would make it difficult for you to focus, concentrate, stay still, sleep, and sleep. Some of the main symptoms of anxiety disorders are as follows;

  • Ignoring feared places and objects obsessively and intensely
  • Incapability to focus and concentrate
  • Unable to stop thinking about the problem, and doing so repetitively
  • Dizziness
  • Tense muscles
  • Nausea
  • Dry mouth
  • Heart palpitation
  • Hyperventilation and fast breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tingling hands, feet, numb, sweaty, and cold
  • Unable to stay still and calm down yourself
  • Sleeping problems
  • Feelings of danger, doom, and panic
  • Uneasiness, fear, and panic

Types of Anxiety Disorder 

Some of the main types of anxiety disorders are as follows;

GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder)

GAD is a state of high tension, worrisome, and unrealistic feelings with little or no reason at all.

Panic Disorder

Sudden feelings of intense fear could cause a panic attack. The panic attack would make you feel palpitation (pounding heartbeat), chest pain, and sweating. Sometimes, it makes you feel like you’re having a heart attack or choking.

Social Anxiety Disorder

It also goes by the name of social phobia, and it makes you highly self-conscious about the social situations of your routine life. They have an obsession that others are ridiculing them, embarrassing, or judging them.

Specific Phobias

It’s an intense fearful feeling of a specific situation or object like flying or heights. The fearful feelings go beyond the acceptable level and it would make a person ignore the ordinary situations and daily life circumstances.


It is high fearful feelings of being stuck in a place where it’s difficult to get help, leave, or any type of emergency situation would happen. However, people experience panic attacks and anxiety in crowded places, standing in the lines, on public transportation, and at airports.

Separation Anxiety

It’s not only the children that feel anxious and scared when their parents or loved ones leave them, adults are also vulnerable to separation anxiety disorder. You would feel fearful and anxious when your loved one goes away from your sight. It is always a worrisome and fearful feeling that something would happen to them.  

Selective Mutism

It’s a type of social phobia where children and people speak normally with their family members within the house. But they don’t speak in public places or public settings like schools.

Medication Induced Anxiety Disorder

Usage of certain types of illegal drugs, narcotics, and medications, or avoiding certain types of drugs, could trigger the signs of anxiety disorders.

Causes of Anxiety Disorder 

Some of the main causes of anxiety disorder are as follows;


It could be genetics and run in the family, and parents would pass it on to their children.

Brain Chemistry

Research studies suggest that the condition may have links with faulty circuits in the brain that manages and controls your emotions and fear.

Environmental Stress

It comprises highly stressful events that you have experienced and lived through. Often life-changing events and circumstances could cause anxiety disorders like seeing violence, being attacked, death of loved ones, neglect, and childhood abuse.

Misuse/Withdrawal of Drugs

Some drugs help you to decrease and hide certain types of anxiety symptoms. The symptoms of anxiety disorders go hand in hand with the consumption of substances and alcoholic drinks.

Medical Condition

Some medical conditions of thyroid, lung, and heart cause similar types of symptoms and aggravate the actual symptoms of anxiety disorder. Therefore, you should get a thorough medical examination from the doctor before ruling out anything

Treatment of Anxiety Disorder 

You can decrease the symptoms of anxiety disorder either by medication or therapy. The details of both plans are as follows;


There are various drugs available on the market to treat anxiety disorders. It’s better if you discuss it with your doctor and choose the best medicine for you relevant to your symptoms and causes. However, some of the main medicines are as follows;

  • Antidepressants: escitalopram (Lexapro), fluoxetine (Prozac), duloxetine (Cymbalta), venlafaxine (Effexor)
  • Bupropion: it’s a type of antidepressant to treat chronic anxiety
  • Other Antidepressants: tricyclic and monoamine oxidase inhibitors, they’re unsafe and unpleasant
  • Benzodiazepines: alprazolam (Xanax), Clonazepam (Klonopin),
  • Beta-blockers: having high blood pressure, a racing heart, makes you feel good
  • Anticonvulsants: prevent seizure attacks in epilepsy and relevant anxiety
  • Antipsychotics: low dose could make you feel better
  • Buspirone: it is for chronic anxiety before experiencing its full symptoms


Therapeutic treatment like talk therapy under the supervision of any trained professional would help you to manage your emotions and behavior. Your therapist would listen to you and help you to understand and process your thoughts and emotions.

Conclusion: What is Anxiety Disorder? Symptoms, Causes, Treatment 

After an in-depth study of what is anxiety disorder; its symptoms, causes, types, and treatment; we have realized that anxious disorders limit your real-life activities. If you’re experiencing any of the abovementioned symptoms and they’re impacting your life, then you should consult with the therapist.