What is Dyslexia? Symptoms, Causes, Treatment 

Some people face difficulty in reading, writing, and learning new things. Today, we’ll discuss what is dyslexia; its symptoms, causes, and treatment.

What is Dyslexia? 

Dyslexia is a learning disorder that impacts a person’s capability to learn, read and write. It comprises how a human brain processes various sounds of words and graphic symbols. It has no relevance with intelligence, and it’s purely a neurological issue.

Dyslexia is very common among people. According to an estimate, approximately 5-10% of the people have this condition, and other studies showed that it prevails among approximately 17%. If you diagnose it on time and employ the proper treatment and support network, it would help you to minimize its symptoms.


Dyslexia impacts how your mind processes the written information and makes it difficult to decode, spell, and recognize the written information. Its impact is different for various people. However, it is difficult for them to read quickly without making any mistakes, and they also find it troubling to understand the content while reading.

It’s a neurological condition that you can inherit from your parents. However, it doesn’t occur because of the poor upbringing, instructions, and teaching. People with dyslexia would find it difficult and challenging, but they can learn to read and write with the right teaching methods.

The US government introduced 33 legislative bills relevant to dyslexia in 2018. It was a great government effort to acknowledge the need and requirement of supporting the children with dyslexia condition.

Symptoms of Dyslexia 

Dyslexia’s symptoms would start appearing at an early age, and some of its main symptoms are as follows;

Autoimmune Condition

People with this condition are vulnerable to developing autoimmune disorders condition like eczema, asthma, and seasonal allergies.

Ideas Sequence

A dyslexia person would find it difficult to express ideas in a proper sequence, and others would consider his speech unconnected, irrational, and illogical.


It’s difficult for them to focus and concentrate their attention on one point, and their mind gets exhausted after a few minutes of reading and writing practice. A lot of children with dyslexia condition also experience the ADHD condition (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder). According to an estimate, roundabout 3 to 5% of the general school-going children experiences both types of conditions.


They find it troubling to coordinate with their peers and colleagues. For instance, when it comes to catching the ball, they would baffle it with right and left. It means the coordination between their hands and eyes is lower, and it’s relevant to dyspraxia, a neurological condition.

Data Set

People with dyslexia take a lot of time to pronounce the words and learn the letters of the alphabet. It is also difficult for them to remember and memorize the arithmetic tables, differentiation among colors, months of the years, or the days of the week.

Sound Processing

If the sound of the word comprises more than two syllables, then it becomes difficult for them to process their sounds. For instance, the word “unfortunately” comprises five syllables, and they would remember only ‘un’ and ‘ly’ and not in between syllables.

Learning to Write

People with dyslexia condition would reverse the numbers and letters of the words unintentionally. It’s difficult for them to follow a certain pattern of learning. For instance, if they learn the pattern of writing or spelling a word and they would forget it the next day like they haven’t learned it.


Children with this condition exhibit learning difficulty symptoms early in the preschool stage. It is difficult for them to match the letters with sounds, and they also find it hard to identify sounds in words. However, some of the other difficulties in the learning phase are as follows;

  • In-depth writing
  • Structure of the sentence
  • Fluency in reading
  • Comprehension reading
  • Grammar

Teachers and parents would find such children that aren’t willing to read and write and they would avoid such situation that demands it.


Such children also take a lot of time to utter words and start speaking. It’s troubling for them to differentiate between sounds and words; rhyming is challenging for them, and they mispronounce the sounds of words.

Development Milestone

Such kids would take a lot of time to learn to ride the bicycle, talk, walk, or crawl, and they would take much longer than normal kids.

Causes of Dyslexia 

Researchers don’t know the exact reason why some people experience dyslexia. Some researchers say that it runs in the family and has links with genetics. They have found some changes in the DCDC2 gene that causes reading issues in the condition. A great number of people have had dyslexia condition since their childhood and birth, and it’s possible that they would have gotten it from a stroke or a brain injury.

The native language of a person could impact their experience of this condition. For instance, it’s easier for a person with a mild dyslexia condition to learn the grammar rules, the connection between sounds and words, and the whole language easily; like Spanish or Italian.

Some languages like English don’t have a clear connection and differentiation between words and sounds like “dough” and “cough,” and the dyslexia condition becomes challenging in such cases.

Treatment of Dyslexia 

There is no exact cure or treatment for dyslexia and people employ various approaches to deal with this condition. It impacts different people differently, and some people have managed to deal with its symptoms and excelled in their field. Diagnosing and receiving support could offer you a lot of benefits in the long term. Some of the management techniques among children are as follows;

Ongoing Evaluation

It is usually more beneficial for adults and they would learn the mechanism from the ongoing evaluation. It would help them to recognize such areas that need more support.

Support & Guidance

Support and guidance help you to lower the impact on self-esteem. For instance, other types of support mean that the system offers you extra time for the exams.

Learning Tools

Learning tools are very effective for the kids that are experiencing this condition, and it would tap on their other senses like hearing, vision, and touch.

Evaluating Individual Needs

Parents and teachers should work on the development of targeted programs for the kids.

Conclusion: What is Dyslexia? Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

After an in-depth study of what is dyslexia; its symptoms causes; and treatment; we have realized that it’s a serious condition impacting many children and adults worldwide. If you experience its symptoms in any of the people around you, then you should refer him/her to a professional.